Greening of facades in large cities:
A sustainable way to improve the urban environment

In large cities, space is becoming increasingly scarce and the number of buildings is increasing. This often creates a gray and lifeless atmosphere in the city. One way to change this is to green facades. This measure has not only aesthetic benefits, but also positive effects on the urban climate and the environment. In this article, we will take a closer look at this topic and discuss the benefits and challenges of greening facades.

What is facade greening?

Facade greening is a method of attaching plants to the exterior wall of a building. This method can be implemented in various forms, from simple trellises to special systems suitable for larger plants. Plants can be placed either directly on the wall or in special containers.

Advantages of greening the facade

The greening of facades offers many benefits, both for the environment and for residents and visitors to the city. Here are some of the main advantages:

  • Improvement of the urban climate

    Greening facades helps regulate the temperature in the city. The plants absorb the solar radiation and thereby reduce the heat load. They also evaporate moisture, which helps to increase humidity and improve air quality. In addition, façade greening can help reduce wind speed and thus mitigate the wind chill effect in winter.

  • Air quality improvement

    Greening facades can help improve air quality in the city. Plants absorb pollutants such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and fine dust from the air and release oxygen. This improves air quality and reduces the risk of respiratory diseases.

  • Improvement of the aesthetics

    Greening facades can help improve the aesthetics of the city. A green facade is a natural eye-catcher and can help break up the monotony of the urban landscape. In addition, greening the facade can help improve the appearance of a building and extend its life.

  • Noise reduction

    Greening facades can help reduce noise in the city. Plants absorb sound waves and thus reduce the noise level in the environment.

Challenges in the greening of facades

Although green facades offer many benefits, there are also some challenges that must be considered during implementation. Here are some of the key challenges:

  • Climatic conditions

    Not all plants are suitable for greening the facade. Choosing the right plants depends on the climatic conditions, in particular, sunlight, temperature and precipitation. Some plant species can also cause allergic reactions, which should be taken into account when choosing plants.

  • Technical aspects

    Fixing plants to the facade requires special techniques and materials to ensure that the plants are securely and stably attached. It is also important to make sure that planting does not cause damage to the facade, especially in historic buildings.

  • Maintenance and care

    A green facade requires regular maintenance and care to ensure that the plants remain healthy and stable. This includes watering, fertilizing, pruning and cleaning to ensure that the plants remain in good condition and do not cause damage.


Prepared moss, on the other hand, is a much better option for adding greenery to building facades. Compared to other types of planting, prepared moss offers a number of advantages.

  • Low maintenance

    Prepared moss requires very little care and maintenance compared to other plant species. The moss does not require watering or fertilization and does not need regular pruning.

  • High resistance

    Prepared moss is very resistant to environmental conditions such as temperature fluctuations and precipitation. It can also thrive on poorly ventilated or shaded facade areas where other plant species would have difficulty.

  • Low space requirement

    Prepared moss requires little space and can be applied even on small facade surfaces. Compared to other types of planting, it does not require deep planters or root systems.

  • Attractive look

    Prepared moss gives facades an attractive and natural look. There are many different types of mosses that vary in color and texture, providing a wide range of design options.

  • Air purifying effect

    Prepared moss helps improve air quality by filtering pollutants from the air. It can also help reduce noise levels by acting as a sound barrier.


Prepared moss offers an attractive and low-maintenance alternative for greening facades. It can help improve air quality, reduce noise levels and improve the appearance of buildings. If you would like to learn more about using prepared moss for greening facades, talk to one of our experts.

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